Over time you and your puppy will become expert at meeting new people, seeing new sights, hearing strange sounds, and so on. Keep it up.
Cover the common problem areas. Children are the number one victims of dog bites. Postal workers and the elderly come in at a close second. Make sure your dog is familiar and comfortable with babies, children of all ages, and the elderly. Ask your postal worker to stop and hand feed your puppy a treat when he or she drops off the deliveries.
Have you ever known someone who said that his or her dog didn’t like people in wheelchairs or was afraid of the vacuum cleaner? These are perfect examples of things that a dog will react adversely to, not because he has a particular dislike for people in wheelchairs or because vacuums are so loud he can’t handle them. The dog never encountered or became comfortable with such things as a young puppy, during his Socialization Period.
Invite friends and family over to your house to hang out and meet the puppy. Feed you puppy treats as your guests come in, Have all of your guests give a treat to the puppy as well.
Make sure you visit the vet with your pup just for fun. Drop in and ask the staff to feed your pup a treat. Play a quick game of fetch or hide and go seek. Practice some on and off the scale using a hand target or a lure. Leave on a happy note. You can do the same with the groomer. Do this regularly during the first year.
With cyclists, joggers, or skateboarders, rev it up! The pup may be inclined to chase or he may be frightened by sounds. Whip out a fun toy and make the treat something extra special.
Suggestions for socializing your puppy with his own kind:
- Enroll in puppy socialization class with a reputable trainer. This is the best way to ensure that your puppy gets ample playtime with other dogs.
- Friends with puppies or well-socialized dogs. Be sure their dog enjoys the company of an energetic puppy and that he is in good health.
Make it a game that the whole family takes part in. Who can come up with the best way for your pup to meet different kinds of people? Who can come up with the most unusual ways to meet people?
- All races, people from a variety of ethnic backgrounds
- Different ages: babies, toddlers, the elderly
- Meet people wearing: sunglasses, punk hairdos, hats, beards, or carrying umbrellas
- Go to a kids sporting event (do not overwhelm the puppy with too much of a crowd)
Once the human socialization period ends, it is still very important that your puppy continues to meet new people on a regular basis. The more people you introduce your puppy to in the first year, the better he will be at meeting strangers throughout his life.
Allow your puppy the opportunity to experience different surfaces.
- Ceramic tiles/Slippery Surfaces
- Wet surfaces
- Safe Logs or Large Rocks
- Gravel/Uneven Surfaces
Dogs know the world first and foremost through their sense of smell. Their sense of smell and hearing is far more sensitive than ours. Prepare your pup for life’s loud noises and odd smells. Play the stereo and TV loud! Beethoven’s 5th symphony is a good choice to accustom your dog to large bangs and booms!
A well socialized dog gets an added boost to his natural curiosity and confidence. During the course of his life he will recover in no time to things that may startle or unnerve him. A poorly socialized dog may get ill from stress and not have the confidence to be in situations that you would otherwise both find enjoyable.
If you have litter mates, socialize each puppy individually. If you have more than one dog, it is important that you socialize your new puppy on his own. A puppy must have the opportunity to experience new environments without the company of another dog.
Always keep your puppy comfortable and adjust your approach if they appear nervous or scared (tail tucked, ears back, not interested in a treat, pulling away). Make special note of these situations and work to build comfort from a safe distance. (See Tip: If your Puppy is Frightened.)